Food The emerging field of nutrigenomics, which aims to identify the genetic
factors that influence the body's response to diet and studies how the
bioactive constituents of food affect gene expression, is explored in a
series of provocative, interdisciplinary reports and analyses in the
December 2008 Special Issue (Volume 12, number 4) of OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology.
What this means is that in the future, your doctor could take a genetic profile and use it to figure out not only your ideal number of calories, but your protine, carbohydrate and vitamin needs for each day as well. They may also be able to give you a list of foods that will work well with your specific metabolisim. That way you can favor foods that you burn more efficently, and steer clear of the ones that will make you pack on the pounds. Who knows, you could find out chocolate cake is bad for you, but ice cream is good!
Nutrigenomic's bidirectional approach to investigating how the
genetic traits of an individual or population interact with their diet
offers many possibilities for targeted clinical interventions and
preventive medicine. These may include modifying either diet or the
biochemical response to food exposure to prevent disease in individuals
shown to be susceptible to the consequences of unfavorable
dietary/genomic interactions. In the future, nutrigenomics may
potentially help guide the development of customized diets based on an
individual's genetic make-up.
"In contrast to previous
applications of genomics technologies where the goal is to distinguish
existing disease from absence of disease, nutrigenomics aims to discern
nuanced differences in predisease states such that personalized dietary
interventions can be designed to prevent or modify future disease
susceptibility," write Guest Editors Béatrice Godard, PhD, and Vural
Ozdemir, MD, PhD, from the Department of Social and Preventive
Medicine, University of Montreal, Québec, Canada.
opens new and amazing frontiers in 21st century biomedical and clinical
research," says Eugene Kolker, PhD, Executive Editor of OMICS and Chief Data Officer at Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington.