An ROP protein bound to a GDP molecule. The areas colored in pink indicate where the fat molecule binds: image via Tel Aviv UniversityTel Aviv
University researchers have discovered a cellular process in plants
that encourages growth of new cells. They have manipulated this
process in a laboratory setting and have found that is very similar to
a mechanism that takes place in the human body, one that can encourage growth of cancer cells.
The process involves a fat molecule that modulates proteins called ROPs. When the ROPs bind to the fat molecule, what the researchers call the 'switch,' the ROPs 'turn on,' growing new tissues and responding to bacteria and viral invaders. Humans have protein cells similar to ROPs: they are cells in our immune system and can fight disease or send chemical messages to cancer cells, telling them to spread disease.
Understanding the plant switch and having learned how to manipulate the plant ROPs in the laboratory, the researchers believe they are very close to the ability to turn the switch off in the human equivalents of ROPs, thereby preventing tumor growth.
"We've stumbled upon an ancient
mechanism that regulates the function of these proteins, proteins which
are found in both plants and humans," says Prof. Shaul Yalovsky, lead researcher of the ROB study, published in the June 5, 2010 issue of Current Biology.
"When these proteins are turned 'on,'
they can initiate processes like cell division and growth," says Prof.
Yalovsky. "Through our genetic engineering, these proteins could be
manipulated in humans to speed up tissue healing, or turned off to slow
or stop the growth of tumors."
aftau.org via Breakthrough Digest