The Russian region of Kamchatka, known as the “land of fire and ice,” is an area where the world’s most intensive volcanoes and earthquakes take place quite often. Often suffering from great earthquakes reaching as high as 9.0 on the Richter scale, local seismologists and volcanologists perform online monitoring of seismic activity almost on a daily basis.
What are some of the new techniques Russian scientists suggest for long-range prediction of earthquakes and volcanoes?
Russian scientists suggest four new techniques for long-range prediction of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, which are universal and can be applied to all of the regions of the earth. This type of forecasting has no psychic aspects to it at all, and is called “phase trajectory technique.” It concerns a simultaneous analysis of periodic and quasi-periodic space rhythms, which involve many factors that have a great effect on these terrible formations, including but not limited to lunar tides and solar cycles.
What are some special features that characterize the Kamchatka region of Russia?
Kamchatka is a 1,000km-long peninsula (more than 600 miles) that is separated from the Russian mainland by the Sea of Okhotsk. It is an area besieged by seismic turbulence and contains 200 volcanoes in varying stages of activity. Some of these have been long extinct, grassed over with aquamarine crater lakes, while 20 or more rank among the world’s most volatile. Some of the lava fields surrounding these volcanoes served as the testing grounds for Russia’s moonwalking vehicles. The thermal activity deep below the earth’s surface also produces many hot springs, heated rivers and geysers.
Oddly, the devastation wrought by the volcanic eruptions has created some natural beauty as well in the beautiful, unique stone sculptures created by the lava residue. Kamchatka, in its own way, is an area both lush and severe, containing an abundance of grasses and marshes that grow unusually tall. Dog rose covers vast territories on coastal zones as do a proliferation of tasty and useful berries, such as honeysuckle, red bilberry, blue bilberry, mountain heath, cranberry and others.
The animals of the region as well as the grasses differ from those of the mainland by their big size. Local fauna include sable, hare, glutton or wolverine, polar fox, wolf, marmot, muskrat. Lynx and squirrel migrated to Kamchatka from the north in the beginning of the century, and animals such as elk or moose are known to have antlers as long as 5m (about 15 feet)! Some of the region’s bird life include: swans living only in hot water or on the hot springs, the bald eagle, golden eagle, ptarmigan, willow grouse, capercaillie, cormorant, puffin, duck, gull, goose and others. As far as fish go, the red gold salmon is one of the most important economic factors on the peninsula.
What is the future of this region so besieged with seismic activity?
It is hoped that these new scientific innovations in long-range seismic activity detection by Russian scientists will protect this region so rich in natural resources and promise.