Study Ties Entitlement Beliefs To Sexism In Both Men And Women
You may be surprised to know that the prevalence of sexism is greater among the millenial generation than it is or was in the baby boomer generation. Because of the resurgence of gender superiority as a more prevalent attitude among men and women, social scientists have been examining the trend of late, trying to ascertain why and where these attitudes come from. A study published in the journal Sex Roles examines the role that the feeling of 'entitlement' plays.
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University and San Diego State University surveyed 333 college students from a midwestern college and 437 adult participants in Amazon's Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing marketplace. Approximately the same number of men and women were represented in the survey.
The survey, "Personality, Beliefs, and Behaviors," explored individual attitudes that reflect needs for special treatment as well as openness to new experiences.
The researchers found that entitled men revealed generally hostile views toward women and tend to see them as manipulative, untrustworthy, and deceptive. These attitudes, say the researchers, are predictive of violence toward women.
Entitled women feel that they deserved special treatment by men. They are not hostile toward men, but benevolent, engaging in beliefs that men should take care of them because women are frail or weaker in some ways.
The interesting thing about hostile and benevolent entitlement attitudes is that they complement each other perfectly. They both subjugate women into lesser roles than men.
Joshua B. Grubbs, graduate student at Case Western and lead author of the study, reflected: "When you consider that entitlement has been shown to be rising across recent generations, linking it to sexist attitudes is particularly alarming."
Grubbs was referring to a prior study published by his co-author, Jean Twenge, who found that narcissism was 3 times more prevalent among those in their 20's than those over the age of 60.
"Recent events certainly highlight how dangerous entitlement and hostile sexism can be in men, Grubbs continued. "Furthermore, given that benevolent sexism can also produce gender inequality, these findings for women are also concerning."