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Under Pressure, Xenon Difluoride Gets Itself A Semi-Charged Kind Of (Battery) Life

Through the science and wonder of slowly crushing things into smaller things, scientists at Washington State University have created a tiny battery that is second only to the big, dangerous Kahuna of nuclear power when it comes to the storage of mechanical energy. 

Tired of never having AA's around when he really needed them,  chemistry professor Choong-Shik Yoo decided it was time to get his science hat on and start inventing. He started with the basic premise essential to all pressure-related experiments - crushing stuff yields results.

If this "stuff" is a car or hastily imbibed Red Bull before a long and imposing chemistry exam, the result of a pressure experiment is merely a crushed husk and the memory of a slightly entertaining event. If however, one starts crushing compounds instead of "stuff", some cool-ass things start to happen.

Take Xenon Difluoride (XeF2). Normally, good old XeF2 likes to chill out in white powder form, just waiting for someone to come along and use it to etch silicon conductors. Sure, the work isn't glamorous, but it pays the bills.

Yoo saw something more. Just hanging around the lab at normal atmospheric pressure, the molecules in XeF2 are fairly far apart - football field-ish distance out here in the real world - so there's actually a great deal of room for compression.

Fortunately, Yoo had a very nice set of compressing tools at his disposal - two diamond  anvil cells, which are 2"x3" devices used to put materials under a stunning amount of pressure. 

Action shot: This will crush things!Action shot: This will crush things! 

Stunning.

We're not talking an atmosphere or two here, or even somewhere in the low 1000s. We're talking about a pressure approximately equally to the one found halfway to the center of the earth. 

How much pressure is that, you ask? Oh, only about 1,000,000 atmospheres. You know, no big deal.

Under a moderate amount of pressure, the molecules in the XeF2 actually compress to an almost two dimensional structure, closely resembling that of a graphite semiconductor. Once the pressure reaches the insane target levels, the molecules in the compound form tiny, metallic network structures that are able to store all of the mechanical energy used to compress them in their chemical bonds.

This is super cool.

We do have two questions, however.

First - did the lab blow up when the anvil's pressure was released and the compound was once again unleashed to roam around under normal atmospheric pressure? Since no mention of this was made in the University's press release, we'll concede that this catastrophe was likely averted. This time.

Secondly  - will these come in a rechargeable version?

Ooh, also -  will there be a four-pack? Two seems like enough, but it never really is. You know how it goes.

Alright, alright. We know the team has a great deal of work still to do before a commercial application is viable. We'll stop with the battery of questions.

Yikes. Long way to go for that one.

Source: EurkeAlert

Douglas Bonderud
Technology and Gadgets Blogger
InventorSpot.com

Comments
Apr 8, 2011
by Anonymous

Laser dephasing and waking field dynamics for collectionof Rydbe

FROM MASS DISAPPEARANCE TO NEW QUANTUM TELEPORTATION THEORY AT Rydberg atom emitting fast electrons out of valance electrons by laser simulation as blue slaggar as observed in galaxies emitting fast electrons collected as dual blackholes outside spiral galaxy:
It is s now the reaserch on Rydberg atoms with its jump out electrons collected outside a spiral forming a quantum dual Rydberg balchole that has got the duality as collllection of outer most electrons thus forming a red/blue slaggar one force upwrads and one force downwrads in the middile siral twist of ooposite planes an enigmaticwormhole forming thus a dis aoppraerance of mass into it is possible in the middle of two opposie twisting neutron star.This doamin iscaoparable with Cooper-bardeen spin and collection of ryberg fast electrons forming a dual neutral spin directs the magneticfield cantilevers thus isolated and yet connected for a mas disapperance doamin as anticipated by Dr.Chandrasekhar described as bafoonary of physics by then Cheif of Cambridge astro society and a long journey hadto be pursued by mockery prtediction by John Wheeler that blackholes have no hairs ,any way supported by Hon.stepahen hawkings as secondary radiation.Still the Hubble telescope research committe with snkaravelayudhan as resaerch scholar supported b a fast blue slaggar dynamics .With the resaerch interst shown at N.I.S.T. and asper the Michigan university research on Rydberg valance electrons a supportive logic has been obtained in favour of dual blackhole dynamics of blue and red slaggars of fast electron force of up or down as the cas may be which can also be use in in cancantenated signal processing by improving the N/S ratio for improving the signal processing by self adaptive signal path of quality of service required in higher interleading adjoining domians in quantum teleportation as well as in mobiles

This may be possible with intermediate graphite/black crystal doiping outside oposite spin spirals as new form of micrichip algorithmthat is appl;icable in satellitic communication to gain more energy during depletion of N/S rtaio.
Sankaravelayudahn Nandakumar ,Project coordinator ,PNAS society member,Hubbletescope resaerch scholar,N.I.S.T and JILA onbehalf of Oxford astro physics research group of simaon hooker at CRERC/C.I.T affliated with Anna universsity

Apr 8, 2011
by Anonymous

Rydberg fast electron and slow electrons by critical resonance m

Possible Bossonova explosions: Hubble breaking the old theory by their observation-Beware of bossonova explosions at critical resonance a fire water critical affinities
NASA Telescopes Join Forces to Observe Unprecedented Explosion:
NASA's Swift satellite, Hubble Space Telescope, and Chandra X-ray Observatory have teamed up to study one of the most puzzling cosmic blasts ever observed. More than a week later, high-energy radiation continues to brighten and fade from its location. Astronomers say they have never seen such a bright, variable, high-energy, long-lasting burst before. Usually, gamma-ray bursts mark the destruction of a massive star, and flaring emission from these events never lasts more than a few hours.
What happens next at the LHC will be the next big experiment in a superfluid Helium II BEC. It’s not part of the design parameters, as physicists assume that the helium will be stable based on its use in the much smaller, much less powerful, up to 250 GeV per beam, RHIC collider in Long Island, NY. CERN’s interests lie in producing the Higgs boson at the LHC, perhaps micro black holes and quark-gluon plasma. Even in the much awaited CERN safety study released last month, there’s absolutely nothing on a possible bosenova implosion/explosion.
Though the bosenova effect is staggering in its repercussions for the Standard Model, none of the more than 200 teams experimenting with BECs appear interested. The only study groups working seriously on bosenovas are those at JILA. Other research teams are looking for new BECs and a few are looking for applications of BECs to create things like better atomic clocks, interferometers or even studying light by teasing BECs with lasers to slow light down or stop it! In the future, quantum computing might use BECs and lasers. BECs could be big business.
Even in the much awaited CERN safety study released last month, there’s absolutely nothing on a possible bosenova implosion/explosion. Of course to test the safety of the enormous LHC to handle foreseen and unforeseen events you’d need another disposable one. But at least it is possible to subject Helium II to some of these high energies and hadron beams as a test. Not at the low energies of the RHIC, but at Fermilab’s Tevatron, currently the most energetic collider with 0.9 TeV per beam, though still far short of the power of the monster LHC at ordinary operating conditions of 7 TeV and ultimately 1,150 TeV collisions of lead ions at nearly twice light speed. Helium II could simply be used as a target by Tevatron beams to see what would happen, besides being exposed to high and fluctuating Tesla fields, ionized by electrical currents, subjected to some of the extreme conditions anticipated at the LHC.
A collection of Rydberg fast valance electrons acting as dual blackhole dynamics may lead to a possible implosions .
Sankaravelayudhan nandakumar

Apr 12, 2011
by Anonymous

A long way to go in understanding mathematical theories

Al long ways go in understanding mathematics:
Kurt Gödel PROVED that ALL math must be kept within certain parameters. The
essential concept in Gödel’s proof is that if you cannot see the entire
universe then what you believe are universal math & laws may only be subset
math & rules for your particular subset reference frame.
This must be exactly what is happening if ALL astronomers in ALL our
universities KNOW Newton was right and gravity must be happening far, far
faster than the speed of light, or this universe could not possibly be
stable, but the entire other half of the scientific community believes that
gravity must be acting at the speed of light.
It is exactly like this so something must be very, very wrong with our rules
and math if half the scientists believe one thing and the
other half, something entirely different. Hence following the law of physics
by some intuition the mathematical limitation is applies as disputed by Sir
Arthur Eddington with Dr.Chandrasekhar during the formulation of theory of
mass disappearance at a point by the direct application of mathematics which
will be the mathematical buffoonery.
But an interesting Bernoulli opposite spin dynamics at the point of disappreance of mass has brought out many chain discoveries realative to Einstein’s relativity theory.
*Research group of Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar special officer on behalf
of Loyola college nano technology dept,Renewableenergy research center Cape Institute of
Technology,Nagercoil formerly with ,KNSK Engineering college ,Nagercoil as
research scholar,Anna University with Hubble space research committee of
Hon.Roger Davies,Hon.Collin Webbs FRS of Laser dn of Oxford uk,Hon.Marteen
Rees ,Emeritus Professor of cosmology Cambridge ,former president of Royal
society, London. ***
Citation: Cooper-Bardeen electron spin merger compared with galaxy merger in design and development of new microchip unidirectional middle merger and opposite directional merger in Ryberg spintronics using laser simulate doping techniques that act along Einstein’s relative velocity
Cooper-Bardeen faster electron spin kicking out Ryberg valance electrons of duality spin around each other before merger by laser wakefield out of simulations producing faster Rydberg electrons. There must be ellipsoidal to circular merger differential depending upon spin speed. An interesting same directional merger and opposite spin merger call for differential merger. In between the directional changes act as two opposite spin spiral gear pumping a liquid says Sankaravelyudhan Nandakumar a timer based ejection of a blackhole out of this spiral opposite spin galaxcies. These types of changes in the angle of the spin of a supermassive black hole have previously been suggested to explain so far whirl around each other before merger sending out gravity waveripples. Such "spin-flips," then their frequency may be important for estimating the detection rates with gravitational radiation missions."
When galaxies collide, it gets even messier as the two black holes spiral toward each other, merging to make an even bigger gravitational monster. Scientists have puzzled over how stars could form around a black hole, since molecular clouds - the normal birth places of stars - would be ripped apart by the black hole's immense gravitational pull stars appear to form from an elliptical-shaped disc, the remnant of a giant gas cloud torn apart as it encounters a black hole.. These simulations show that young stars can form in the neighbourhood of supermassive black holes as long as there is a reasonable supply of massive clouds of gas from further out in the Galaxy. Before the merger, as the two black holes whirl around each other, they stir the galactic center like the blade of a blender. Their strong gravity warps space, sending out ripples known as gravitational waves. When the black holes merge, they emit gravitational waves more strongly in one direction. That inequality kicks the black hole in the opposite direction like a rocket engine. "That kick is very important. It can shove the black hole toward stars that otherwise would have been at a safe distance. stellar systems result when a super massive black hole is violently ejected from a galaxy, following a merger with another super massive black hole. The evicted black hole rips stars from the galaxy as it is thrown out. The stars closest to the black hole move in tandem with the massive object and become a permanent record of the velocity at which the kick occurred. “Only stars orbiting faster than the kick velocity remain attached to the black hole after the kickThe calculations reveal that the speed of the hole mainly depends on the direction and speed with which the two black holes rotate around their axes before merging. Gas swirling toward the black hole forms a disk around the black hole. Twisted magnetic fields in the disk generate strong electromagnetic forces that propel some of the gas away from the disk at high speed, producing radio jets.
Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar on behalf of Hubble Telescope research team, for further proceedings of Royal society of London.PNAS member,N.I.S.T and JILA for Rydberg electron merger by laser wakefield squeezing with Simon-hooker of Oxford astro on behalf ofPULS team of cape Renewable Energy Research Center,C.I.T affliated with Anna University.
1) Citation: Dual laser wakefield capacitive squeezing using fast valance electrons using primary –secondary inductive algorithms in transducer oscillations at the middle Cooper-Bardeen domains [Incident: 110412-000033]
2) Citation: Cooper-Bardeen electron spin merger compared with galaxy merger in design and development of new microchip unidirectional middle merger and opposite directional merger in Ryberg spintronics using lase [Incident: 110413-000006] news@nature.com

*Sankara Velayudhan Nandakumar member PNAS ,American ,JILA Group member on
behalf of Loyola college of Enigineering and technology ,Member
PNAS,American committee for the Weizman institute of science ,Energy
renovation committee cape Institute of Technology,Nagercoil ,former Guest
lecturer ,KNSK Engineering college ,Anna University have surprisingly found
out genetic mirror have found out an interesting symmetry breaking from
linear resonance to polarization of 69 dynamics must have a meaning over the
water affined genes in understanding water affined catastrophe.*
All astromers must apply mathematics very carefully with mathematical applications for limitations only-reg [Incident: 100109-000047

Apr 19, 2011
by Anonymous

FROM MASS DISAPPEARANCE TO NEW QUANTUM TELEPORTATION THEORY USIN

FROM MASS DISAPPEARANCE TO NEW QUANTUM TELEPORTATION THEORY USING RYDBERG ELECTRONS:
The Rydberg atom emitting fast electrons out of valance electrons by laser simulation as blue slaggar as observed in galaxies emitting fast electrons collected as dual blackholes outside spiral galaxy:
It is s now the research on Rydberg atoms with its jump out electrons collected outside a spiral forming a quantum dual Rydberg balchole that has got the duality as collllection of outer most electrons thus forming a red/blue slaggar one force upwrads and one force downwrads in the middile siral twist of ooposite planes an enigmaticwormhole forming thus a dis aoppraerance of mass into it is possible in the middle of two opposie twisting neutron star.This doamin iscaoparable with Cooper-bardeen spin and collection of ryberg fast electrons forming a dual neutral spin directs the magneticfield cantilevers thus isolated and yet connected for a mas disapperance doamin as anticipated by Dr.Chandrasekhar described as bafoonary of physics by then Cheif of Cambridge astro society and a long journey hadto be pursued by mockery prtediction by John Wheeler that blackholes have no hairs ,any way supported by Hon.Stepahen hawkings as secondary radiation.Still the Hubble telescope research committe with Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar as research scholar supported b a fast blue slaggar dynamics .With the research interest shown at N.I.S.T. and as per the Michigan university research on Rydberg valance electrons a supportive logic has been obtained in favour of dual blackhole dynamics of blue and red slaggars of fast electron force of up or down as the cas may be which can also be use in in cancantenated signal processing by improving the N/S ratio for improving the signal processing by self adaptive signal path of quality of service required in higher interleading adjoining domians in quantum teleportation as well as in mobiles

This may be possible with intermediate graphite/black crystal doiping outside oposite spin spirals as new form of micrichip algorithm that is applicable in satellitic communication to gain more energy during depletion of N/S rtaio.
Sankaravelayudhan Nandkumar ,Project coordinator ,PNAS society member,Hubbletescope resaerch scholar,N.I.S.T and JILA onbehalf of Oxford astro physics research group of simaon hooker at CRERC/C.I.T affliated with Anna universsity.This algorithm may called roger algorithm.

Beware of Rydberg fast electron implosions at Blue/Red slaggar stage another finding a feather in the cap of Hubble findings-reg [Incident: 110408-001202]

Apr 21, 2011
by Anonymous

Negative refractive index materialsto tap lunar wave at night in

GaAsN and GaMnAs for high efficiency solar cell and thermoelectrics. Using 45 degre nitche multi reflective solar photo voltaic cells with black crystal doping:
Materials with a negative index of refraction also exhibit a reversed version of the ordinary Goos-Hänchen effect. In the ordinary version, light "slips" a little before reflecting during total internal reflection. The "slip" is actually a slight displacement of the light’s wave crests from their expected location — a "phase slip". But for a material of negative refractive index, the light slips backwards. This allows for resonant states where light gets trapped in thin films. Maybe this can be used to make better solar cells.
The maximum amount of radiated heat intensity which can be transferred from a black body of refractive index DBB to an object of refractive index DOBJ located a short distance away is shown to be nsmaller2 times the free space Planck distribution where nsmaller is the smaller of nBB and nOBJ, and where nBB and nOBJ are assumed greater than unity. The implication is that the radiative power spectral density within a thermophotovoltaic cell could be designed to be much greater than the free space Planck distribution. The maximum radiative intensity transferred occurs when the index of the black body matches that of the object at wavelengths where the Planck distribution is sizeable. A simple expression is found for the transferred radiative intensity as a function of the refractive indices of and the distance separating, the black body and the object. This expression is interpreted in terms of the specific black body modes which are evanescent in the space between the black body and the object and which make the largest contribution to the transmission of radiation. The black body, the object, and the region are all modeled as lossless dielectrics

Apr 23, 2011
by Anonymous

Self adaptive phase conjugated polygon squeezing and transfer

Self adaptive phase conjugated polygon squeezing and transfer of energy using piezo-electric lithium niobate-xenon diflouride- selinium telluride materails:
Some information available from Mayan coded diagonal spin contributing accumulation of matter waves. At this point of interaction an angular momentum converting magneticfield into matter waves. 45 degree multi- reflections among Rydberg electrons and its implication that must be evaluated out of the philosophy. It this combination of a shuffling of all the column and row elements for diagonolisation as observed by the Thruva and Athruva matrices typically enhancing a new line of quantum mechanics out of 8/16 elemental selections.Thruva means a spin and Athruva means non-spin. Perhaps will be able project Jordon antennas in space for quantum teleportation.
Because in Dirac’s theory (second) quantization was applied only to the components of the electromagnetic field and not to the matter waves associated with the material particles. The Jordan-Wigner theory accounts only for the creation and destruction of photons, but not for the material particles, but there is some thing more in it for converting photon scattering into matter in formulating the revolutionary the second quantization theory has to be modified along revolutionary diagonal reflective dynamics. The diffusively scattering into preferred reflective scattering will have more meaning in Jordan diagnolisation.
It is to be noted that Mars boundary emits more matter waves out of Jordon diagnolistaion.Here the gravity field and a preferred occurring at a preferred scattering giving out astounding information. Here the matter and field have been interchanged and faster Rydberg electrons could involve themselves one of the most interesting opposite spin dynamics of angular momentum of dissipative matter and realizing it at a distance. Mars surface producing water affined at Scorpio, fire affined at Aries and Earth affined in Capricorn.
Bending of Mars crystallographic self adaptive optic surfaces by bending and squeezing formulate a typical photovoltaic applications. The main application will be from Jordan mathematical diagonalisation.The thermodynamical warping and surface bending to be evaluated. The theory of bending of surfaces under quantum diagonalisation may have to be evaluated The impossibility in three-dimensional Euclidean space of a complete regular surface with a negative upper bound of the Gaussian curvature, but with a possible self adaptive phase conjugation this may be obtained that act as positive and negative phases.
Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar ,CRERC,C.I.T.
1) The philosophy of Diagonalisation in Jordon matrix in understanding tangential reflective matter waves in formulating Third law of quantization in understanding gravity waves becoming matter waves in design and [Incident: 110423-000026] news@nature.com

Apr 25, 2011
by Anonymous

New quantization for condensing hologram using Jardon diagonolis

The philosophy of Diagonalisation in Jordan matrix in understanding tangential reflective matter waves in formulating third law of quantization in understanding gravity waves becoming matter waves in design and development of Quantum teleportation algorithms using stroboscopic method:
One of the most important insights of their joint work was the recognition that the solution of a quantum mechanical problem was equivalent to a canonical transformation of a matrix into its diagonal form. After treating the consequences of the spinning-electron hypothesis in matrix theory in a paper together with Werner Heisenberg,Jordan turned to the more fundamental questions of the new theory. This requires a thorough study of quantum mechanics, including the extension of the formalism to systems with many degrees of freedom and the inclusion of angular momentum.
Jordan seeded the third law of quantization unknowingly by his diagnolisation matrix. Though Born was initiating his research program for a more rational foundation of quantum theory, it was Jordon who was responsible for such an interesting matter wave theory as counterpart of deBrogle wave scattering. Jordan was guided by Pauli’s suggestion that according to the statistical interpretation of quantum theory that interference between probabilities must also occur.
Jordan’s suggestion that the momentum distribution of scattered light quanta may also be continuous—in opposition to Einstein’s original idea of needlelike radiation—was immediately disproved by the latter.3 The attention that Einstein had paid to his first publication, however, made a strong impression on the young man. But unknowingly Jordon has brought a typical scattering of preferred scattering rather than a preferred scattering. A typical diffusive scattering is noted in Mayan decoding of Capricorn polarization in solar magnetic field.
They found that quantum physics could be formulated adequately in matrix language and discovered that the fundamental basis of the new quantum mechanics could be expressed by the famous commutation relation pq -qp = (h/2πi)1.This is leading to the third law of quantum mechanics that Cooper-Bardeen electrons must be diagonal spinned in understanding the revolutionary third law. This means Normal electron spin up and down should be diagonalised to achieve super fast Rydberg matter wave spins
Some information available from Mayan coded diagonal spin contributing accumulation of matter waves. At this point of interaction an angular momentum converting magneticfield into matter waves. 45 degree multi- reflections among Rydberg electrons and its implication that must be evaluated out of the philosophy. It this combination of a shuffling of all the column and row elements for diagonolisation as observed by the Thruva and Athruva matrices typically enhancing a new line of quantum mechanics out of 8/16 elemental selections.Thruva means a spin and Athruva means non-spin. Perhaps will be able project Jordon antennas in space for quantum teleportation.
Because in Dirac’s theory (second) quantization was applied only to the components of the electromagnetic field and not to the matter waves associated with the material particles. The Jordan-Wigner theory accounts only for the creation and destruction of photons, but not for the material particles, but there is some thing more in it for converting photon scattering into matter in formulating the revolutionary the second quantization theory has to be modified along revolutionary diagonal reflective dynamics. The diffusively scattering into preferred reflective scattering will have more meaning in Jordan diagnolisation.
It is to be noted that Mars boundary emits more matter waves out of Jordon diagnolistaion.Here the gravity field and a preferred occurring at a preferred scattering giving out astounding information. Here the matter and field have been interchanged and faster Rydberg electrons could involve themselves one of the most interesting opposite spin dynamics of angular momentum of dissipative matter and realizing it at a distance. Mars surface producing water affined at Scorpio, fire affined at Aries and Earth affined in Capricorn.
Bending of Mars crystallographic self adaptive optic surfaces by bending and squeezing formulate a typical photovoltaic applications. The main application will be from Jordan mathematical diagonalisation.The thermodynamical warping and surface bending to be evaluated. The theory of bending of surfaces under quantum diagonalisation may have to be evaluated The impossibility in three-dimensional Euclidean space of a complete regular surface with a negative upper bound of the Gaussian curvature, but with a possible self adaptive phase conjugation this may be obtained that act as positive and negative phases.
The application of the new formalism to the radiation field contained in the last section of the Born-Heisenberg-Jordan paper was considered by Jordan one of his most important contributions to physics because it served as the beginning of quantum field theory. It was especially satisfying to Jordan that the quantization of the vibrations of an elastic continuum according to the quantum-rules supplied from first principles the energy fluctuations derived thirty years earlier by Einstein using thermodynamical arguments from Planck’s radiation law. In Einstein’s second fluctuation law the mean square fluctuation of the cavity radiation energy E in the frequency interval v, v + dv is given by (E -Ē)2 =h v E + (c38πv2Δv) E2/V, V being the volume of the cavity. This expression was the most elegant early formulation of the wave-particle dualism of light quanta. The striking fact that all the particle aspects of light could in 1925 be obtained directly by quantization of the electromagnetic field made Jordan consider the possibility of applying the same procedure to matter waves in order to obtain, by “second quantization,” the material particles in a natural way.
This seeded the third law of quantization for a fast quantum mechanics out of Rydberg electrons.
1) The philosophy of Diagonalisation in Jordon matrix in understanding tangential reflective matter waves in formulating Third law of quantization in understanding gravity waves becoming matter waves in design and [Incident: 110423-000026] news@nature.com

Aug 30, 2011
by Anonymous

J particles

Temperature controlled spurious frequencies operating Lasers may simulate gravity in future as capacitive twisters using xenon-diflouride and bismuth combinations as maglev levitators
Do the moon rays simulate and interesting gravity -entropy over the sea? Track down the squeezing volumetric are in space for an increase in entropy generation at constant pressure and temperature along the converging magnetic field nozzle lines. This may initiate reflective gravity attractors over the sea domains and is comparable with moon rays simulating an interesting entropy modulation.
The internal energy of a system is expressed in terms of pairs of conjugate variables such as temperature/entropy or pressure/volume. In fact all thermodynamic potentials are expressed in terms of conjugate pairs. The enthalpy phase conjugation between pressure and volume and entropy between temperature and viscosity as the temperature and pressure kept constant as isometric and isobaric combinations reflects in entropy and volume. The influence of fluid viscosity on the entropy generation rate is investigated in the pipe flow at different wall temperatures. The temperature and flow fields are computed numerically using the control volume method. It is found that fluid viscosity influences considerably temperature distribution in the fluid close to the pipe wall. In this case, the high temperature gradients extend further towards the pipe center for constant properties case. On the other hand, variable properties reduce the size of the region, where the high temperature gradients occurs in the flow field. Entropy contours follow almost the temperature contours.
Magneticfield controlling the temperature by Peltier effect contributes reversible temperature compensation in the system. The volumetric reflections by a decreasing order may reflect in entropy of the system also as converging configuration and a sudden condensation at the Bernoulli nozzles formed by the magneticfield is possible as mass transfer takes place between pressure increased and decreasing pressure and alternate pressure increase and decrease in contemplated in between positive and negative pressure.
Near the resonant frequencies the induced polarisation will become very large. A combination of circular and linear polarisation repetitions may induce faster reactions. This new material of frequency varied vaporization could frequency phase conjugated to produce an amplified energy gain a part of Bernoulli theorem applications in 45 degree converging nozzles twisters by frequency modulated gravitons.
The oscillator emits a low-energy beam with a diffraction-limited quality. It is then amplified by the gain medium operating in a double-pass configuration. Due to the conjugate mirror, the returned beam is compensated for any aberrations due to the high-gain laser amplifier. A diffraction-limited beam is extracted by 90 degree polarization rotation. So, according to these remarkable properties, it is expected that we can realize a new class of high-power and high-brightness phase conjugate lasers delivering a beam quality that fits the requirements.
Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar, Pneumatics Research Lab, Optonics,MET Engineering College,Hubble research team,N.I.S.T and JILA
Temperature controlled spurious frequencies operating Lasers may simulate gravity in future as capacitive twisters using xenon-diflouride and bismuth combinations as maglev levitators [Incident: 110831-000104]
Possible cone shaped propagation could be tracked by Hubble research committee at spurious reversible temperature locking system dynamics that requires an investigation in an overlapping frequency region. Such a composite medium is Cancer magneto optic quantum sector where this may really happen a medium possibly that could have been evoluted as the electrons speeds up faster than the speed of light as pressure differentiation initiated according to velocity increased at the 45 degree critical convergence a reversible mirrors forming as J particles.
Temperature controlled spurious frequencies for Generation and degeneration:
The internal energy of a system is expressed in terms of pairs of conjugate variables such as temperature/entropy or pressure/volume. In fact all thermodynamic potentials are expressed in terms of conjugate pairs. The enthalpy phase conjugation between pressure and volume and entropy between temperature and viscosity as the temperature and pressure kept constant as isometric and isobaric combinations reflects in entropy and volume. The influence of fluid viscosity on the entropy generation rate is investigated in the pipe flow at different wall temperatures. The temperature and flow fields are computed numerically using the control volume method. It is found that fluid viscosity influences considerably temperature distribution in the fluid close to the pipe wall. In this case, the high temperature gradients extend further towards the pipe center for constant properties case. On the other hand, variable properties reduce the size of the region, where the high temperature gradients occurs in the flow field. Entropy contours follow almost the temperature contours.
Magneticfield controlling the temperature by Peltier effect contributes reversible temperature compensation in the system. The volumetric reflections by a decreasing order may reflect in entropy of the system also as converging configuration and a sudden condensation at the Bernoulli nozzles formed by the magneticfield is possible as mass transfer takes place between pressure increased and decreasing pressure and alternate pressure increase and decrease in contemplated in between positive and negative pressure.
Near the resonant frequencies the induced polarisation will become very large. A combination of circular and linear polarisation repetitions may induce faster reactions. This new material of frequency varied vaporization could frequency phase conjugated to produce an amplified energy gain a part of Bernoulli theorem applications in 45 degree converging nozzles.
A sound wave represents an adiabatic pressure change progressing periodically in space and time. In water, as a result of the density maximum at 4ºC, the simultaneously appearing temperature wave is very small in magnitude compared to the pressure wave. Thus, in the present case essentially we have to consider only the effect of the pressure change on the chemical equilibrium.
. A chemical equilibrium is always pressure-dependent whenever the reaction partners (in equilibrium with each other) differ in volume. When this is the case, a pressure change will induce a chemical excess reaction which takes place at a finite rate and leads to adaptation to the particular equilibrium state concerned. If the periodic pressure change takes place very rapidly in relation to the chemical reaction, the system will practically not "notice" these changes: the rapid positive and negative disturbances average out before the onset of any appreciable reaction.
On the other hand, if the pressure change takes place very slowly compared to the chemical reaction, the system follows these changes with practically no lag. The sound then merely propagates at a slightly lower velocity, for the compressibility of the medium contains a contribution from the state of the chemical equilibrium (cf. Fig. 1b). Now, the interesting case is that in which the rate of re-establishment of equilibrium is comparable to the rate of the pressure change (i. e. when the time constant for the establishment of chemical equilibrium is of the same order of magnitude as the period of the acoustic wave). In this case the system tries to adapt continuously to the pressure change but does not quite succeed, so that it lags behind the pressure change by a finite phase difference. The chemical state is characterized by the concentrations of the reaction partners or the reaction variable. Because of the finite volume difference between the reaction partners in equilibrium, a volume increment characteristic of the chemical change follows the pressure change with a certain phase lag. In all fields of physics where there is this kind of phase difference between "conjugate" variables there is a transfer of energy (in this case a reduction in the amplitude of the sound waves).
For a finite phase difference, the integral JPdVis different for the compression and dilatation periods. It was very quickly found that the absorption could not be caused solely by the interaction between could a simple inter-ionic interaction be the explanation, either in terms of the Debye- Hückel ion clouds, for which we would expect a broad continuum of absorption at high frequenciesII, or in terms of ionic association as described by Nernst12a or Bjerrum12b, which should give a single absorption maximum. In short, it appeared that there was an interaction between magnesium ions, sulphate ions, and water molecules in the form of a sequence of linked reactions.
Even if the series resistances at the spurious resonances appear higher than the one at wanted frequency a rapid change in the main mode series resistance can occur at specific temperatures when the two frequencies are coincidental. A consequence of these activity dips is that the oscillator may lock at a spurious frequency (at specific temperatures). This is generally minimized by ensuring that the maintaining circuit has insufficient gain to activate unwanted modes.
New Aerodynamic propulsion systems:
Citation: Propulsion systems out of Selective metamterials phase conjugated in between positive and negative refractive index by frequency selective electromagnetic resonance may accumulate energy storage clockwise anticlockwise spiral vortices that may be used to propel a aerodynamic space vehicles has been evaluated by CRERC/C.I.T Project coordinator Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar of new energy research centre formed as guided by Chairman Krishnanpillai.
Near the resonant frequencies the induced polarisation will become very large. A combination of circular and linear polarisation repetitions may induce faster reactions in these materials and possible fast combustion system could be induced
This new material of frequency varied vaporization could frequency phase conjugated to produce an amplified energy gain a part of Bernoulli theorem applications in 45 degree converging nozzles.
A sound wave represents an adiabatic pressure change progressing periodically in space and time. In water, as a result of the density maximum at 4ºC, the simultaneously appearing temperature wave is very small in magnitude compared to the pressure wave. Thus, in the present case essentially we have to consider only the effect of the pressure change on the chemical equilibrium. A chemical equilibrium is always pressure-dependent whenever the reaction partners (in equilibrium with each other) differ in volume. When this is the case, a pressure change will induce a chemical excess reaction which takes place at a finite rate and leads to adaptation to the particular equilibrium state concerned. If the periodic pressure change takes place very rapidly in relation to the chemical reaction, the system will practically not "notice" these changes: the rapid positive and negative disturbances average out before the onset of any appreciable reaction.
On the other hand, if the pressure change takes place very slowly compared to the chemical reaction, the system follows these changes with practically no lag. The sound then merely propagates at a slightly lower velocity, for the compressibility of the medium contains a contribution from the state of the chemical equilibrium (cf. Fig. 1b). Now, the interesting case is that in which the rate of re-establishment of equilibrium is comparable to the rate of the pressure change (i. e. when the time constant for the establishment of chemical equilibrium is of the same order of magnitude as the period of the acoustic wave). In this case the system tries to adapt continuously to the pressure change but does not quite succeed, so that it lags behind the pressure change by a finite phase difference. The chemical state is characterized by the concentrations of the reaction partners or the reaction variable. Because of the finite volume difference between the reaction partners in equilibrium, a volume increment characteristic of the chemical change follows the pressure change with a certain phase lag. In all fields of physics where there is this kind of phase difference between "conjugate" variables there is a transfer of energy (in this case a reduction in the amplitude of the sound waves).
For a finite phase difference, the integral JPdVis different for the compression and dilatation periods. It was very quickly found that the absorption could not be caused solely by the interaction between the Mg2+ and SO4 2- ions and the water, for neither magnesium chloride nor sodium sulphate dissolved on their own produced comparable effects. On the other hand, neither could a simple inter-ionic interaction be the explanation, either in terms of the Debye- Hückel ion clouds, for which we would expect a broad continuum of absorption at high frequenciesII, or in terms of ionic association as described by Nernst12a or Bjerrum12b, which should give a single absorption maximum. In short, it appeared that there was an interaction between magnesium ions, sulphate ions, and water molecules in the form of a sequence of linked reactions.

This ionic fast reactions could be used in Xenondiflouride-bismauth metamateril a vaporising sytems that can be generated in converging nozzles.

Structure of a tapered fiber consisting of an SBS generator and an SBS amplifier connected with a taper structure
Beam propagation of incident beam in the taper region of a tapered fiber.
power reflectivity in the amplifier part, meaning the large-diameter part of the fiber. So far, the damage problem of the fiber will be released by a factor of 25. This type of fiber showed a dynamic range of 1:260, and so far it can be used over a range of 1:200 with very high reflectivity above 90% as shown in Fig. 2.26. The measured fidelity was above 90% over the whole dynamic range. Because of the short length of this tapered fiber below 1 m, the polarization of the incident light was conserved for the reflected light. Therefore, this type of optical phase conjugator can be used in double-pass amplifier schemes using a polarizing element to take out the phase conjugated SBS signal after the second pass through the amplifier system.
The oscillator emits a low-energy beam with a diffraction-limited quality. It is then amplified by the gain medium operating in a double-pass configuration. Due to the conjugate mirror, the returned beam is compensated for any aberrations due to the high-gain laser amplifier. A diffraction-limited beam is extracted by 90 degree polarization rotation. So, according to these remarkable properties, it is expected that we can realize a new class of high-power and high-brightness phase conjugate lasers delivering a beam quality that fits the requirements for scientific and industrial applications.

Compensation of the aberrations due to a phase distorting media by wavefront reflection on a phase Conjugate mirror.

The two main laser architectures involving a phase conjugate mirror for correction of the aberrations due to thermal effects in the gain medium. (a) Laser oscillator with intracavity phase conjugate mirror and (b) master-oscillator power amplifier with a phase conjugate mirror. capability of aberration compensation was also shown in the earliest research works on Fourier optics and holography. Kogelnik [2] had already demonstrated that static aberrations can be compensated by using conventional holographic recording. After processing of the photographic media and proper readout of the hologram, it generated the backward conjugate wave for a clear image restoration through a distorting media. The analogy of phase conjugation with dynamic holography was then outlined by Yariv [3] and in early experiments with photorefractive crystals [4], and it contributed to extend the field of applications, thus including parallel image processing, optical correlation for pattern recognition, holographic interferometry for non destructive testing, incoherent to coherent image conversion, novelty filters for moving object detection .
Optical phase conjugation is now established as a domain of nonlinear optics, and further noticeable advances are expected due to the interest in the development of high-energy or high average power laser sources. The concept of phase conjugation permits the restoration of a beam whose quality is close to the diffraction limit whatever the phase aberrations present on the optical path of the laser beam.
Moreover, this property is maintained even when changing the laser pulse energy or pulse repetition rate. This permits the attainment of a great flexibility in the operating conditions of the source for adjusting its characteristics to the requirements of the applications. Also, another very important property of phase conjugation is the capability of combining and phase locking of several laser
Near the resonant frequencies the induced polarisation will become very large. A combination of circular and linear polarisation repetitions may induce faster reactions in these materials and possible fast combustion system could be induced.
These metamaterials under an increase and decrease in frequency with circular and linear propulsion repetitions .When the frequency of the incident wave in slightly increased ,the applied electricfield will be out of phase wit respect to induced polarisation.as a result exhibiting a negative permittivity as a result ,the electromagnetic field will exert a repulsive force on the material Such resonances occur only GigaHetz range. Using a piece of quantum electronics known as a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), which is extraordinarily sensitive to magnetic fields this may be possible. A superconducting circuit in which the SQUID effectively acted as a mirror. Passing a magnetic field through the SQUID moved the mirror slightly, and switching the direction of magnetic field several billion times per second caused it to 'wiggle' at around 5% the speed of light, a speed great enough to see the effect. The frequency of the photons was roughly half the frequency at which they wiggled the mirror -- as was predicted by quantum theory.
Cold atoms have long wavelengths, which make their interference patterns easier to observe.) We can split a beam of the atoms using thin barriers of pure laser light. When the two beams were combined, they created the familiar double-slit interference patterns circular and linear wave combinations. The atoms going down one path were left alone, but those on the other path were nudged into a higher energy state by a pulse of microwaves (short wavelength radio waves). Following this treatment, the atoms, in their internal states, carried could be controlled by John Pendry N.R.I.method of phase conjugation laser simulations

Material with xenon diflouride-bismuth-gold-silver-aluminium combinations can induced faste phase conjugation reactions that may exert a magnified force.
Sankravelayudhan Nandakumar,Reired Chief Engineer on behalf of Hubble research committee ,N.I.S.T and JILA ,project Coordinator,CRERC/C.I.T.
1) Citation :All the planetary boundary emissions forming a cluster of feedback system act along Equi-frequency surface forming a pointing vector to simulate the humangenes act as a timer along the reversible time [Incident: 110618-000034]news@nature.com
2) Citation: Phase conjugation by reversible tracking mirror –a future photography along the plane of space signal holograms and Neuron memory acting as a timer deciding the fate of humanbeings: [Incident: 110617-000010] news@nature.com

Main references:
1)Generation of cross-polarized photon pairs in a microstructure fiber with frequency-conjugate laser pump pulses:
. Fan and A. Migdall Optical Technology Division
National Institute of Standards and Technology
100 Bureau Drive, Mail Stop 8441, Gaithersburg. MD 20899-8441Jfan@nist.gov

2)Immeseasurable fast reactionsthat could be obtained with refrence to in crease in magnesium sulphate or magnesium chloride by Manfred Eigen for biomedical applications

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3 3. F.Eggers, Acustica, in the press.
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49. H.Strehlow and H.Wendt, Inorg.Chem., 2(1963)6.

Sep 11, 2011
by Anonymous

Let us stop pure

Let us stop pure chemotherapy and play the trick of possible
invisibility technics in cancerous growth - that could be used to
hide the adjacent healthy cells using John Pendry's invisible cloaking that may
applied in tricky chemotherapy along with umbilical blood cells from
the new born baby by killing the unhealthy cells targeted to correct
the hybridized encoded protein division and multiplication of encoded
protein by spring back corrections using magneticfield leviitated
corrections .
S.Nandakumar,Assistant professor from MET Pneumatics lab.
Let us stop chemotherapy and store the blood of new born baby to arrest cancerous growth along with targeted cancerous cells by killing using DNA trageted to avoid neuron hybridism encoded protein [Incident: 110912-000052]

Sep 23, 2011
by Anonymous

New three pase shfte hologram screen using Hall'squantization an

Invisibility clocking quantum dynamics may revolutionize a new hologram screen with phase shifted conjugated lamination may our cine theater screen with three batch of audience frontal and side ways says Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar of MET Engineering College who assumes three phase shifted holograms with metamaterials active frequencies and a possibility to visualize three type of films using only one screen thanks to Hall’s effective magnetic field quantization dynamics. Using deBrogle clustering dynamics phase shifted using laser holograms.The laser cooling dynamics will be utilized as phase matching shifts with relative stimulation light from three projectors this could be achieved, Laser light above and below the simulation holograms and as well as as neutral screen.
Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar

Oct 11, 2011
by Anonymous

Out come o Nobel prize physics 2011:

Out come o Nobel prize 2011:
Citation:A concave convex reversal with polarity reversal may contribute a repulsive polarity mass that may contribute typical antimatter as dark matter .There must be reversal possibility always as attractive and repulsive differentiation. The must be spin differentiated polarity reversal that can be analyze during critical and normal speed with increase vibration and stabilization for balancing any rotating system.
In physical cosmology, the cosmological constant (usually denoted by the Greek capital letter lambda: Λ) was proposed by Albert Einstein as a modification of his original theory of general relativity to achieve a stationary universe. Einstein abandoned the concept after the observation of the Hubble redshift indicated that the universe might not be stationary, as he had based his theory on the idea that the universe is unchanging.[1] However, the discovery of cosmic acceleration in 1998 has renewed interest in a cosmological constant
In fact adding the cosmological constant to Einstein's equations does not lead to a static universe at equilibrium because the equilibrium is unstable: if the universe expands slightly, then the expansion releases vacuum energy, which causes yet more expansion. Likewise, a universe which contracts slightly will continue contracting.
Einstein’s Fudge Factor
Once upon a time, physicists believed the cosmos was static and unchanging, a celestial clockwork mechanism that would run forever. When Albert Einstein was forming his theory of general relativity in 1917, his calculations indicated that the universe should be expanding. But all the observations up to then showed a static universe. So he figured his calculations were incorrect, and introduced a mathematical “fudge factor” into his equations, known as the cosmological constant, or lambda. It implied the existence of a repulsive force pervading space that counteracts the gravitational attraction holding the galaxies together. This balanced out the “push” and “pull” so that the universe would indeed be static.
Einstein should have trusted his instincts. Twelve years later, Edwin Hubble was studying distant galaxies, and noticed an intriguing effect in the light they emitted: it had a pronounced “Doppler shift” toward the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum. Basically, when a light source is moving towards an observer, the wavelength of its emitted light compresses and shifts to the blue end of the spectrum. When moving away from the observer, the wavelength stretches, and the light shifts to the red end of the spectrum.

A feather in the cap of Albert Einstein:
These startling observations sent the team back to the idea — first proposed by Albert Einstein but later rejected as his "biggest blunder" — that the so-called vacuum of space might produce a sort of “antigravity” energy that could act repulsively ,accelerating the expansion of the universe.
Many cosmologists say that understanding dark energy is the biggest challenge in cosmology and physics. The matter must have two opposing inductive spirals as attractive and repulsive configuration. This is to say magnetic field flows in opposite direction produces a repulsion This means formation of North pole and south pole magneto spirals in dark matter region contribute a dark matter. This means a circulation current corresponding to flow in opposite directions repel each other. Even in case of inclined tan angle this happens. The meeting point as opposing force contributing a repulsive character. This gives a clue on different polarity of matter formed. Accordingly the inductive mass current circulation in the same direction produces an attractive force ,but in the opposite direction produces a repulsive force.
Is is a strange thing that the matter mass could be differentiated as inductive mass of reversible polarity as contemplated by Albert Einstein contributing anti gravity. "Currently, physicists have to choose between those two theories when they calculate something. Dark energy is giving us a peek into how to make those two theories operate together. Nature somehow must know how to bring these both together, and it is giving us some important clues.
The very mass –matter differentiation out of complex mass as m+im contributing strange behaviour at square root 2c velocity of spin shifting towards perpendicular vector as dis appearing mass ,now the present postulate another important line of thought by mass polarisation.
Even a critical speed increased vibration initiated could be analysed based on this repulsive attractive polar phases during spin differentiation in between normal speed and critical speed.
This is what you see in spiral galaxies, they immediately discovered something entirely unexpected. The stars far from the centers of galaxies, in the sparsely populated outer regions, were moving just as fast as those closer in. This was odd, because the visible mass of a galaxy does not have enough gravity to hold such rapidly moving stars in orbit. It followed that there had to be a tremendous amount of unseen matter in the outer regions of galaxies where the visible stars are relatively few. Rubin and Ford went on to study some sixty spiral galaxies and always found the same thing. “What you see in a spiral galaxy,” Rubin concluded, “is not what you get.

Astrogenetic contributions: Illumination from Casmir force out of super conductive magneticfield interference out of invisible cloaking may be another mile stone Hubble research committee may investigate in future using John Hendry’s invisible cloaking dynamics and we may find such a space domain as lighting out of darkness as postulated early by the laser cooling investigating team. Quantum theory predicts says Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar,Oxford astrogeneticist..
In fact the graphical representation of convex –concave configuration a observed in Pisces indicates such a possibility of focusing points thus creating a Cassimir force strong enough to carry out such a phase conjugation as multi-optic reflections producing intensities that really illuminate a space out of darkness that may be illuminate automatically.
Mass-number acceleration-number=force-number, and if we further fix that the accelerations are measured in the stationary system K, then from the above equations, we obtain:[WS 1] —
Longitudinal mass =
Transversal mass =
Naturally, when other definitions are given of the force and the acceleration, other numbers are obtained for the mass; hence we see that we must proceed very carefully in comparing the different theories of the motion of the electron.

Conclusion: A concave convex reversal with polarity reversal may contribute a repulsive polarity mass that may contribute typical antimatter as dark matter .There must be reversal possibility always as attractive and repulsive differentiation. The must be spin differentiated polarity reversal that can be analyse during critical and normal speed with increase vibration and stabilization for balancing any rotating system.
This information could be use as Repulsive attractive propulsion system out of concavo-convex resonance out of dark matter simulation thanks to Hubble research.
1) Vortex amplification at the center of a Neutrino blackhole named after
future Nobel Laureate John Pendry-reg [Incident: 111002-000074]
news@nature.com news@nature.com
2) villard@stsci.edu
3) Thank you for submitting your issue to us. The tracking number for your new ticket is #15067-23666. You should receive an email containing this information. You can track the status of your ticket in .
4)A feather in the cap of Albert Einstein in understanding attractive and repulsive inductive mass-reg [Incident: 111005-000012] news@nature.com
5) hubblesite.org support: ISSUE=632 PROJ=13
6) 1) Some secrets of Bermuda traingle quantum mechanics was revealed by Oxford astro physics team member Sankaravelayudhan nandakumar-reg [Incident: 100816-000050] news@nature.com"
7) Backward and forward motion positive and negative dielectric on dipolarised negative medium may reveal Bermuda triangle as ejected from under sea mata materials collected in wormholes-reg [Incident: 100816-000045news@nature.com
simon.hooker@physics.ox.ac.uk
william.phillips@nist.gov, lasercoo@nist.gov, wphillips@nist.gov

Mar 12, 2012
by Anonymous

Solving extra energy storage problems using Xenon diflouride cap

Solving extra energy storage problems using Xenon diflouride capacitors:Hydro-pneumatically compressed Xeondiflouride capacitors to store energy out of extra electric energy available from the windmills. Instead of a capacitor energy storage using the dielectric to store electrical potential (by distorting the electron orbits of the dielectric), it could use allotropic phase transformation of the xenon difluoride to store its electromotive potential. The energy density would still be surface area dependant but maybe an order of magnitude higher than a standard capacitor. Normally, the molecules in xenon difluoride stay relatively far apart. The squeezing process the crystals underwent in the diamond anvil cell forced the molecules closer and closer together. At first, the squeezing caused the crystal to become a two-dimensional semiconductor, but then something even more remarkable happened. When the pressure reached a million atmospheres, similar to the pressure found halfway to the center of the Earth, the molecules formed 3D metallic "network structures", which forced all the mechanical energy of the compression process to be stored as chemical energy within the molecular bonds. At a million atmospheres, that's a whole lot of stored energy. Most exciting for us is the potential as an energy storage device. Imagine the benefits for electric vehicles - such high energy and storage means much smaller batteries and much lower weight for the same power, or much greater power and storage as you increase the number of batteries.
Solving extra energy storage problems using Xenon diflouride capacitors:Hydro-pneumatically compressed Xeondiflouride capacitors to store energy out of extra electric energy available from the windmills. Instead of a capacitor energy storage using the dielectric to store electrical potential (by distorting the electron orbits of the dielectric), it could use allotropic phase transformation of the xenon difluoride to store its electromotive potential. The energy density would still be surface area dependant but maybe an order of magnitude higher than a standard capacitor. Normally, the molecules in xenon difluoride stay relatively far apart. The squeezing process the crystals underwent in the diamond anvil cell forced the molecules closer and closer together. At first, the squeezing caused the crystal to become a two-dimensional semiconductor, but then something even more remarkable happened. When the pressure reached a million atmospheres, similar to the pressure found halfway to the center of the Earth, the molecules formed 3D metallic "network structures", which forced all the mechanical energy of the compression process to be stored as chemical energy within the molecular bonds. At a million atmospheres, that's a whole lot of stored energy. Most exciting for us is the potential as an energy storage device. Imagine the benefits for electric vehicles - such high energy and storage means much smaller batteries and much lower weight for the same power, or much greater power and storage as you increase the number of batteries.
A possibility of palladium nickel combination may produce a typical storage of electricity out of of hybridization.
simon.hooker@physics.ox.ac.uk
william.phillips@nist.gov, lasercoo@nist.gov, wphillips@nist.gov
Research by Hubble team member Sankaravelyudhan Nandakumar Issue-2952,Project 13
New srorage capacitors out of Hydro-pneumatic circuits using compressed xenondiflouride storage battery capacitors

Apr 12, 2012
by Anonymous

Inventinga new Propulsion system

Nyquist criterion in understanding a new propulsion system:
MET Engineering college research team with research application has found out a new propulsion system using Nyquist criteria self amplification by analogy with Tsunamy wave amplification at critical frequency of resonance of amplification as per the guide line of GH Milley prof.Illinoise University,usa. A combinatorial maglev properties aligned wit self amplification.
A necessary and sufficient condition for the stability of a linear closed-loop system formulated in terms of properties of the open-loop system.
Consider the linear single input-linear single output system with the following transfer function:

where it is assumed that the degree of the polynomial does not exceed that of the polynomial (i.e. is a proper rational function). The original Nyquist criterion gives necessary and sufficient conditions for the stability of the closed-loop system with unity feedback . This is done in terms of the complex-valued function of the real variable (the amplitude-phase characteristic of the open-loop system) which describes a curve in the complex -plane, known as the Nyquist diagram. Suppose that the characteristic polynomial of the open-loop system has , , roots with positive real part and roots with negative real part. The Nyquist criterion is as follows: The closed-loop system is stable if and only if the Nyquist diagram encircles the point in the counter-clockwise sense times. (An equivalent formulation is: The vector drawn from to the point describes an angle in the positive sense as goes from to .)
Self generating resonance oscillation of Tsunami waves producing amplification at Nyquist infinity calls for a new resonance pump that may pump water at infinite force requiring an investigation. This gives an antigravity propulsion systems using Xenon diflouride
To travel to our neighboring stars as practically as envisioned by science fiction, breakthroughs in science are required. One of these breakthroughs is to discover a self-contained means of propulsion that requires no propellant. To chart a path toward such a discovery, seven hypothetical space drives are presented to illustrate the specific unsolved challenges and associated research objectives toward this ambition. One research objective is to discover a means to asymmetrically interact with the electromagnetic fluctuations of the vacuum. Another is to develop a physics that describes inertia, gravity, or the properties of spacetime as a function of electromagnetics that leads to using electromagnetic technology for inducing propulsive forces. Another is to determine if negative mass exists or if its properties can be synthesized. An alternative approach that covers the possibility that negative mass might not exist is to develop a formalism of Mach’s Principle or reformulate ether concepts to lay a foundation for addressing reaction forces and conservation of momentum with space drives.
Levitation is rising, rather than falling, of objects, the opposite of gravitation. It has been shown that gravitation is due to the spin of nucleons. If they spin in the opposite direction, with respect to the Earth, levitation will occur. Electrons, when they reach a nucleon after going through the electron barrier in an atom, can, at the right frequency, reverse the spin axis of the nucleon. If over fifty per cent of the nucleons in the object are reversed, the object will levitate away from the Earth's surface. If it is less than fifty per cent, the object merely loses weight."

The following movie demonstrates the loss of weight of an object on a balance scale. A plastic case containing brass screws rises when the switch is on and falls when it is shut off. It will repeat as many times as the switch is turned on and off and instantly reacts. The second picture shows a block of wood doing the same thing. These are placed close to the electron source while the opposite side of the scale is further away and any effect on it is minimized by the inverse square law. This, of course, goes down when the target goes up. Note that the two pointers are even when balanced and when the target gets lighter its pointer goes up while its opposite goes down. This reverses when the switch is shut off and they come to balance again.[They can be seen on each side of the center scale]

This is all done without the solid state power supply, special coil and other equipment needed to lift heavier weights. The only power used was for a small two and one half inch diameter electric motor. The electron generator in this demonstration is not powerful enough to drive the electrons farther than just shallow penetration, but it is enough to show that levitation can be accomplished on demand which is necessary to be able to harness it. Once equipment is used to drive the electrons further so that they penetrate deeply enough into the atom, weight will have no limit since the force comes from the angular momentum of the nucleon, itself, [just as gravitation causes objects to drive themselves down] and so the more weight, the more nucleons there are and thus the more force to lift the extra weight, a minute fraction of which is enough to maintain the spin orientation of the nucleon
This is as if entering a space spinning of square root c to enter into i mass resonance and backwards by a reversal spinning.
Sankaravelayudahn Nandakumar of behalf of MET Engineering College R&D Wing.

Pulsating protection against missiles by Pendry’s magneticfield invisibility cloaking dynamics.

So, the picture certainly gets more complex regarding just how geometries of electromagnetic fields may cause changes in the overall forces of nature that are modulated from higher dimensional time domains. This higher dimensional interaction makes for greater amounts of information to be compacted into tight strings of extreme frequencies that may enable all sorts of break throughs in FTL technological innovations in the future. Just how time domains interact can be glimpsed in the bizarre experiments by John Hutchison:
Sankaravelayudahn Nandakumar of behalf of MET Engineering College R&D Wing.

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[2] B. BENNET, A History of Control Engineering 1800-1930, Peter Peregrinus
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(London), 1993.
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of Brooklyn, New York, 1960.
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servomechanism," Trans. AIEE, 69:270-283, 1950.
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(Princeton, NJ), 1945.
[7] A. G. J. MACFARLANE AND I. POSTLETHWAITE, "The generalized Nyquist
stability criterion and multivariable root loci," Internal. J. Contr, 25:81-
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[8] J. C. MAXWELL, "On governors," Proc. Royal Society of London, 16:270-
283, 1868. Also published in "Mathematical Trends in Control Theory"
edited by R. Bellman and R. Kalaba, Dover Publications, New York, 1964,
pp. 3-17.
[9] N. MINORSKY, "Directional stability of automatically steered bodies," / .
Amer. Soc. of Naval Engineers, 34(2):280-309, 1922.
[10] A. B. STODOLA, "IJber die Regulierung von Turbinen," Schweitzer Bauzeitung,
22:113-117, 121-122, 126-128, 134-135, 1893.
[11] M. TOLLE, Die Regulung der Kraftmaschinen, Springer (Berlin), 1905.
[12] A. TUSTIN, "The effects of backlash and of speed-dependent friction on
the stability of closed-cycle control systems," / . Inst. Elec. Engrs. Pt. HA,
94:143-151, 1947.
KJ.A

Jun 16, 2012
by Anonymous

Dr.Chndrasekhar seeded th new Propulsion system out of dark matt

Had Dr.Chandrasekar visualised m=m0 /√ 1-v2/c2 Einstein's equation this would have given him another supportive thought v=√ 2c that may ultimately lead to an i(imaginary) mass at opposite spinning relative velocity contributing disappearance of mass into space.Then follows loss of energy with increase in entropy with increase in pressure contributing a new line of hydrodynamic flow that deals with dark matter propulsion system as envisaged by Dr.Geeorge Miley Emeritus Professor Illinois University along with Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar(born on Oct 19.1948),a retire Cheief Engineer,now Assistant professor at MET Engineering College Astro genetics,Oxford astro/uk.
The critical situation that when Sir Arthur Eddington was not understanding the implications immediately though he was correct in his own evaluation staged evolution dynamical theory
Then follows zero point entropy dynamics applying self amplifying Nyquist energy,not considering its extremities of amplification as observed in devastating twisters and Tsunami.
Sankaravelayudhanudhan Nandakumar and G.H Miley Emeritus of University of Illinoise,usa
Citation:Entropy increasing energy decreasing domains in space between convex and concave resonance of low pressure and high pressure fluctuations for accceleration: a new hydrodynamics theory.Hydrodynamic instabilities and stream line to turbulence contributing a typical pressure difference that form the cavity plates requiring investigation. In between hot and cold temperature points there must be Peltier effect for a new propulsion system
Entropy is the unavailability of systems energy to do the work.In a closed system increase in entropy is accompanied by decrease in energy. Entropy can be measured as a form of disorder and if the entropy is more, more will be the disorder. Increase in entropy is another way of stating the second law of thermodynamics. There must be cold and hot temperature pointing to Peltier effect and flow of thermal electrons during such a resonance operated. Electrons, when they reach a nucleon after going through the electron barrier in an atom, can, at the right frequency, reverse the spin axis of the nucleon. If over fifty per cent of the nucleons in the object are reversed, the object will levitate away
Self generating resonance and oscillation of Tsunami waves producing amplification at Nyquist infinity calls for a new resonance pump that may pump water at infinite force requiring an investigation. This gives an antigravity propulsion
Consider the linear single input-linear single output system with the following transfer function:where it is assumed that the degree of the polynomial does not exceed that of the polynomial (i.e. is a proper rational function). The original Nyquist criterion gives necessary and sufficient conditions for the stability of the closed-loop system with unity feedback . This is done in terms of the complex-valued function of the real variable (the amplitude-phase characteristic of the open-loop system) which describes a curve in the complex -plane, known as the Nyquist diagram. Suppose that the characteristic polynomial of the open-loop system has , , roots with positive real part and roots with negative real part. The Nyquist criterion is as follows: The closed-loop system is stable if and only if the Nyquist diagram encircles the point in the counter-clockwise sense times. (An equivalent formulation is: The vector drawn from to the point describes an angle in the positive sense as goes from to .)

When energy is removed from a system (for example in binding energy, or the energy given off by an atomic bomb) then mass is always removed along with the energy. This energy retains the missing mass, which will in turn be added to any other system which absorbs it. In this situation E = mc2 can be used to calculate how much mass goes along with the removed energy. It also tells how much mass will be added to any system which later absorbs this energy.
Einstein’s fomula to be modified at squre root 2 c velocity.
m=m0 /√ 1-v2/c2 critically enhancing an interesting i mass a point of mass disappearance analogous to blackhole region at √2 c velocity. Einstein himself suggested in later years that it may be misleading to consider the concept of the relativistic mass. He suggested that it may be better to apply the Lorentz Factor to the momentum instead.
Zero-point energy is the energy that remains when all other energy is removed from a system. This behaviour is demonstrated by, for example, liquid helium. As the temperature is lowered to absolute zero, helium remains a liquid, rather than freezing to a solid, owing to the irremovable zero-point energy of its atomic motions. (Increasing the pressure to 25 atmospheres will cause helium to freeze.) Electromagnetic radiation can be pictured as waves flowing through space at the speed of light. The waves are not waves of anything substantive, but are ripples in a state of a theoretically defined field. However these waves do carry energy (and momentum), and each wave has a specific direction, frequency and polarization state. Each wave represents a ''propagating mode of the electromagnetic field.''
The cavity between such plates cannot sustain all modes of the electromagnetic field. In particular wavelengths comparable to the plate separation and longer are excluded from the region between the plates. This fact leads to the situation that there is a zero-point radiation overpressure outside the plates which acts to push the plates together. This can be considered analogous to radiation pressure (radiation pressure from the Sun pushes comet tails away from the comet nucleus), and the resulting effect is now called the Casimir force. It has the property of increasing in strength with the inverse fourth power of the plate separation. The force ceases when elements of the plates come into contact, the surface smoothness of the plates being a limiting factor, or when the plates are so close that the corresponding zero-point radiation wavelengths no longer ''see'' a perfectly conducting surface. The actual noncontinuous nature of the plates, as opposed to the true surface and molecular nature of the materials, becomes an important factor for very short distances.
The concept of converting some amount of zero-point energy to usable energy cannot be ruled out in principle. Zero-point energy is not a thermal reservoir, and therefore does not suffer from the thermodynamic injunction against extracting energy from a lower temperature reservoir.
Zero-point energy behaves differently. For ordinary radiation, the ratio of pressure to energy density is w=1/3c2, which is customarily expressed in units whereby c=1, and thus the ratio is expressed as w=+1/3. But for zero-point energy the ratio is w=-1. This is owing to the circumstance that the zero-point energy density is assumed to be constant: no matter how much the universe expands it does not become diluted, but instead more zero-point energy is assumed to be created out of nothing.
But a collapse occurs at 1.414c due to opposite spin velocity out of relative velocity which is always possible. The mass disappears into space but a critical stage at which it becomes an accelerator. As it swings between c1 and c 1.414. A further peculiarity is that a ratio of w=-1 implies that the zero-point energy exerts a negative pressure which, counter-intuitively, leads to an expansion of space-time.
First, since the fluctuations occur at the speed of light, then at this level the electron would have to be massless, mass arising at some higher level of motion. Secondly, the fluctuations smear out the average position over a volume the Compton radius in size, which suggests a physical interpretation of the wave function and the associated probability density. (Scattering experiments indicate that the electron is far smaller than its Compton size, indeed point-like for all we know.) Thirdly, simulations that have recently been done show that if such a massless
Sankaravelayudahn Nandakumar of behalf of MET Engineering College R&D Wing.

[1] L. V. AHLFORS, Complex Analysis, McGraw-Hill (New York), 1966.
[2] B. BENNET, A History of Control Engineering 1800-1930, Peter Peregrinus
(London), 1979.
[3] B. BENNET, A History of Control Engineering 1930-1955, Peter Peregrinus
(London), 1993.
[4] H. W. BODE, "Feedback—The history of an idea," In Proceedings of the
Symposium on Active Networks and Feedback Systems, Polytechnic Institute
of Brooklyn, New York, 1960.
[5] R. KOCHENBURGER, "Frequency response method for analysis of a relay
servomechanism," Trans. AIEE, 69:270-283, 1950.
[6] L. A. MACCOLL, Fundamental theory of servomechanisms, Van Nostrand
(Princeton, NJ), 1945.
[7] A. G. J. MACFARLANE AND I. POSTLETHWAITE, "The generalized Nyquist
stability criterion and multivariable root loci," Internal. J. Contr, 25:81-
127,1977.
[8] J. C. MAXWELL, "On governors," Proc. Royal Society of London, 16:270-
283, 1868. Also published in "Mathematical Trends in Control Theory"
edited by R. Bellman and R. Kalaba, Dover Publications, New York, 1964,
pp. 3-17.
[9] N. MINORSKY, "Directional stability of automatically steered bodies," / .
Amer. Soc. of Naval Engineers, 34(2):280-309, 1922.
[10] A. B. STODOLA, "IJber die Regulierung von Turbinen," Schweitzer Bauzeitung,
22:113-117, 121-122, 126-128, 134-135, 1893.
[11] M. TOLLE, Die Regulung der Kraftmaschinen, Springer (Berlin), 1905.
[12] A. TUSTIN, "The effects of backlash and of speed-dependent friction on
the stability of closed-cycle control systems," / . Inst. Elec. Engrs. Pt. HA,
94:143-151, 1947.
Entropy increasing energy decreasing domains in space between convex and concave resonance: for accceleration: a new hydrodynamics theory.H [Incident: 120616-000020]
hubblesite.org support: ISSUE=3273 PROJ=13
Curiosity that made people laugh, then think – regardless of whether the outcome was good or bad, valuable or worthless. Curiosity sometimes leads to Nobel prizes.It implies that curiosity that leads to good outcomes is good. The best tool for identifying that kind of curiosity, I am told, is hindsight.
Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar,on behalf of Dr.George Miley.
Nyquist criterion in understanding a new propulsion system:
MET Engineering college research team with research application has found out a new propulsion system using Nyquist criteria self amplification by analogy with Tsunamy wave amplification at critical frequency of resonance of amplification as per the guide line of GH Milley prof.Illinoise University,usa. A combinatorial maglev properties aligned wit self amplification.
A necessary and sufficient condition for the stability of a linear closed-loop system formulated in terms of properties of the open-loop system.
Consider the linear single input-linear single output system with the following transfer function:

where it is assumed that the degree of the polynomial does not exceed that of the polynomial (i.e. is a proper rational function). The original Nyquist criterion gives necessary and sufficient conditions for the stability of the closed-loop system with unity feedback . This is done in terms of the complex-valued function of the real variable (the amplitude-phase characteristic of the open-loop system) which describes a curve in the complex -plane, known as the Nyquist diagram. Suppose that the characteristic polynomial of the open-loop system has , , roots with positive real part and roots with negative real part. The Nyquist criterion is as follows: The closed-loop system is stable if and only if the Nyquist diagram encircles the point in the counter-clockwise sense times. (An equivalent formulation is: The vector drawn from to the point describes an angle in the positive sense as goes from to .)
Self generating resonance oscillation of Tsunami waves producing amplification at Nyquist infinity calls for a new resonance pump that may pump water at infinite force requiring an investigation. This gives an antigravity propulsion systems using Xenon diflouride
To travel to our neighboring stars as practically as envisioned by science fiction, breakthroughs in science are required. One of these breakthroughs is to discover a self-contained means of propulsion that requires no propellant. To chart a path toward such a discovery, seven hypothetical space drives are presented to illustrate the specific unsolved challenges and associated research objectives toward this ambition. One research objective is to discover a means to asymmetrically interact with the electromagnetic fluctuations of the vacuum. Another is to develop a physics that describes inertia, gravity, or the properties of spacetime as a function of electromagnetics that leads to using electromagnetic technology for inducing propulsive forces. Another is to determine if negative mass exists or if its properties can be synthesized. An alternative approach that covers the possibility that negative mass might not exist is to develop a formalism of Mach’s Principle or reformulate ether concepts to lay a foundation for addressing reaction forces and conservation of momentum with space drives.
Levitation is rising, rather than falling, of objects, the opposite of gravitation. It has been shown that gravitation is due to the spin of nucleons. If they spin in the opposite direction, with respect to the Earth, levitation will occur. Electrons, when they reach a nucleon after going through the electron barrier in an atom, can, at the right frequency, reverse the spin axis of the nucleon. If over fifty per cent of the nucleons in the object are reversed, the object will levitate away from the Earth's surface. If it is less than fifty per cent, the object merely loses weight."

The following movie demonstrates the loss of weight of an object on a balance scale. A plastic case containing brass screws rises when the switch is on and falls when it is shut off. It will repeat as many times as the switch is turned on and off and instantly reacts. The second picture shows a block of wood doing the same thing. These are placed close to the electron source while the opposite side of the scale is further away and any effect on it is minimized by the inverse square law. This, of course, goes down when the target goes up. Note that the two pointers are even when balanced and when the target gets lighter its pointer goes up while its opposite goes down. This reverses when the switch is shut off and they come to balance again.[They can be seen on each side of the center scale]

This is all done without the solid state power supply, special coil and other equipment needed to lift heavier weights. The only power used was for a small two and one half inch diameter electric motor. The electron generator in this demonstration is not powerful enough to drive the electrons farther than just shallow penetration, but it is enough to show that levitation can be accomplished on demand which is necessary to be able to harness it. Once equipment is used to drive the electrons further so that they penetrate deeply enough into the atom, weight will have no limit since the force comes from the angular momentum of the nucleon, itself, [just as gravitation causes objects to drive themselves down] and so the more weight, the more nucleons there are and thus the more force to lift the extra weight, a minute fraction of which is enough to maintain the spin orientation of the nucleon
This is as if entering a space spinning of square root c to enter into i mass resonance and backwards by a reversal spinning.
Sankaravelayudahn Nandakumar of behalf of MET Engineering College R&D Wing.

Pulsating protection against missiles by Pendry’s magneticfield invisibility cloaking dynamics.

So, the picture certainly gets more complex regarding just how geometries of electromagnetic fields may cause changes in the overall forces of nature that are modulated from higher dimensional time domains. This higher dimensional interaction makes for greater amounts of information to be compacted into tight strings of extreme frequencies that may enable all sorts of break throughs in FTL technological innovations in the future. Just how time domains interact can be glimpsed in the bizarre experiments by John Hutchison:
Sankaravelayudahn Nandakumar of behalf of MET Engineering College R&D Wing.

[1] L. V. AHLFORS, Complex Analysis, McGraw-Hill (New York), 1966.
[2] B. BENNET, A History of Control Engineering 1800-1930, Peter Peregrinus
(London), 1979.
[3] B. BENNET, A History of Control Engineering 1930-1955, Peter Peregrinus
(London), 1993.
[4] H. W. BODE, "Feedback—The history of an idea," In Proceedings of the
Symposium on Active Networks and Feedback Systems, Polytechnic Institute
of Brooklyn, New York, 1960.
[5] R. KOCHENBURGER, "Frequency response method for analysis of a relay
servomechanism," Trans. AIEE, 69:270-283, 1950.
[6] L. A. MACCOLL, Fundamental theory of servomechanisms, Van Nostrand
(Princeton, NJ), 1945.
[7] A. G. J. MACFARLANE AND I. POSTLETHWAITE, "The generalized Nyquist
stability criterion and multivariable root loci," Internal. J. Contr, 25:81-
127,1977.
[8] J. C. MAXWELL, "On governors," Proc. Royal Society of London, 16:270-
283, 1868. Also published in "Mathematical Trends in Control Theory"
edited by R. Bellman and R. Kalaba, Dover Publications, New York, 1964,
pp. 3-17.
[9] N. MINORSKY, "Directional stability of automatically steered bodies," / .
Amer. Soc. of Naval Engineers, 34(2):280-309, 1922.
[10] A. B. STODOLA, "IJber die Regulierung von Turbinen," Schweitzer Bauzeitung,
22:113-117, 121-122, 126-128, 134-135, 1893.
[11] M. TOLLE, Die Regulung der Kraftmaschinen, Springer (Berlin

Jun 21, 2012
by Anonymous

Citation matter wave propulsion system in between compressed

Hon George Miley Emeritus professor Illinois University along with Sankaravelayudahn Nandakumar
Citation matter wave propulsion system in between compressed and expanding magnetic field rings with reference to short circularly polarised wavelength waves decreasing the refractive index for negative refractive index and increasing refractive index with linear waves of repetitive ejections surrounding an aer space vehicle requiring an investigation and formation of apport/teleport dynamical hologram.-reg
Electron particle acting as interference wave in the system of entering a barrier along with electron particle that act as a guide wave by analogy could be used in a new propulsion system. The ring radiation could be confined with John Pendry’s invisible cloaking screen the exiting pulse is strongly chirped: short wavelengths are propagating faster than the long wavelengths.
The idea came to me when magician David Copperfield throw the card through the window glass on the other side that penetrated the glass without any damage that promoted my line of thought
IMAGINE a material with a refractive index equal to unity through which a narrow-band electromagnetic wave with frequency w and wave number can propagate with the group velocity c/w , where is the speed of light in vacuum. Such a material could serve as a perfect compressor of the electromagnetic energy: an electromagnetic wave incident on a material slab would not undergo any reflections due to the perfect impedance matching with vacuum, yet be compressed in length by a factor G=C/vg. Although such materials do not exist in nature, they have been synthesized in the laboratory. The phenomenon enabling such materials is the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) [ EIT enables propagation of an electromagnetic wave through the normally opaque medium in the presence of a second, more powerful electromagnetic wave. The left-hand circularly polarized (LHCP) wave propagates without absorption. A right-hand circularly polarized (RHCP) electromagnetic wave launched along the magnetic field and having the frequency (where is the electron cyclotron frequency) is resonantly absorbed by the plasma:
Matter waves velocity seems to be c2/v faster than velocity of light. This could possibly be realize with reference to light wave resonate between circular ring formation as compressed and expanded wave. Using PIC simulations that extreme energy compression of electromagnetic radiation is possible in a magnetized plasma made transparent by an addition of a weak helical undulator. For this compression to occur, a right-hand circularly polarized electromagnetic wave has to be coupled into the plasma at the electron cyclotron frequency. Although without an undulator this wave would be absorbed by the plasma via electron cyclotron heating, plasma becomes transparent due to the phenomenon of UIT. Because the electromagnetic wave in the UIT plasma is primarily longitudinal, it can be useful for various accelerator applications. Realistic plasma density and magnetic field profiles were accountedA fixed-frequency linearized fluid code was used to model cross-polarization coupling. Qualitatively, the mode coupling can be understood inthe framework of geometric optics. Future work will study the large-field effects in the plasma, and investigate how an effective accelerator with the longitudinal electric field approaching wave breaking limit can be designed
Future application in matter sliding holograms:Basically electron mat act as particle by relative compression of magneticfield that decreases the wave length forming a particle and the same particle that becomes a wave for randomizing barrier. This may be possible by projecting a similar medium surroundin the space vehicle. Which act like a guide wave.This may be future renormalizing hologram technic using such a system dynamics in optics .
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