NEW IDEAS AND TRENDS (old)
In what is believed to be the first instance of electronic gamers reaching a scientific discovery before trained research scientists, University of Washington (UW) gamers did indeed produce a model of an enzyme in AIDS and other viruses that scientists have been trying to model for more than 10 years. This was not just an academic exercise to test the new UW Fold-it game; discovery of the AIDS molecule in question opens the door to a whole new line of retroviral drugs.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) revamped its healthy eating recommendations a few months ago with a new visual - an icon called 'MyPlate,' replacing the former healthy foods pyramid icon. The Nutrition Source at the Harvard School of Public Health thinks the government's plate lacks a good bit of guidance as to which specific foods should be eaten - after all MyPlate offers no guidance.
For many of the 13 million Americans currently at risk for non-melanoma skin cancers, the VivoSight® Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) scanner will be a blessing in their dermatologists' tool closet. The device, just approved for clinical use by the FDA, offers real-time laser imaging of a patient's skin, enabling better, and sometimes immediate, treatment of basal or squamous cell cancers.
Scientists at the University of Southern California (USC) and the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine just achieved a scientific breakthrough that has the potential to revolutionize the design of neurological drugs: they captured the first high resolution images of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR), the α7 molecule responsible for transmitting signals between neurons, particularly those associated with learning and memory.
For the third year in a row, the Biomimicry Institute, a non-profit organication that promotes the study and imitation of designs found in nature, is sponsoring the Biomimicry Student Design Challenge. This year the Challenge, which is open to college students world-wide, is to use biomimicry to design a solution that results in more efficient use of energy and ultimately reduces greenhouse gases. No small feat, but the Institute provides students with plenty of resources on biomimicry....
It's so great to find innovations for disabled people on design websites, rather than buried in disability association files. "Design" says the world is paying attention to disability needs, and it cares that the latest technologies are employed in the tools and that they look pretty cool too. The Finger Reader is at least the second design for blind and visually impaired persons by Hansub Lee and it's a great accessibility creation for finding exactly what you want while shopping.
Historically, surgical removal or oral and throat cancers have not allowed patients to go back to living their normal daily lives. Oral cancer removals caused severe pain, particularly ugly scarring, and an inability to eat, speak, or swallow normally. Even breathing problems might result. But now along comes TORS, the robot with the right stuff.
Canadian researchers have made cancer treatment history with the success of an intravenous infusion of a virus, JX-594. The virus was injected into 23 patients with advanced and metastasized cancers who had not responded to traditional therapies. Not only was this the first test of viral therapy on human cancer patients, but the first trial to introduce a targeted virus intravenously.