Science and Space - New Discoveries, Research, Studies And Breakthroughs


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Geoengineering Might Be The Last Chance For Coral Reefs

We are all aware of many of the myriad effects of climate change – higher temperatures, rising sea levels, more extreme weather events, but coral bleaching has tended to escape notice despite being one of the most acute problems facing our oceans right now. New research resulting from a worldwide collaboration suggests that we have reached a tipping point and a geoengineering technique called Solar Radiation Management may be the only way to save coral reefs from mass bleaching.

No More IVF Mix-ups: Barcode Your Sperm And Eggs

It may sound like something out of science fiction, but researchers in Barcelona have found a way to attach unique barcodes to sperm and egg cells in order to eliminate in vitro fertilization mix-ups. Though said mix-ups are rare, the consequences can be emotionally devastating for those involved. Scientists have now created microscale polysilicon chips that attach to individual sex cells allowing a foolproof means of identification with no apparent health side-effects.

Tiny DNA Sequencers Yield Big Results In The Fight Against Ebola

The ability to sequence the genome of a virus in the field is invaluable, allowing the source of the infection to be tracked and providing epidemiologists an important weapon in stopping the spread of disease. Until now, however, DNA sequencers have been large, fragile, and extremely slow to deliver results. A UK company, Oxford Nanopore Technologies, has changed all that with the release of the MinION -- a handheld DNA sequencer that can be plugged into a laptop to deliver results as they are available.

5 Mind-Blowing Ways Supermaterial Graphene May Soon Change Your World

It has been over a decade now since the first reported measurements on the new material “graphene”. Consisting of just a single layer of carbon atoms, graphene is one of the strongest, thinnest and most flexible materials and its remarkable electronic, thermal and structural properties led to its immediate hailing as a ‘supermaterial’. Here are five possible applications taking advantage of the various superior properties of graphene that may change our world for the better.

Want To Cut The Calories In Your Rice? It's All About Chemistry

Rice is a popular food the world over, especially in Asia. It tends to be fairly high in starchy calories that can eventually turn into fat if one isn't tearing about wearing it off. While the obesity epidemic has not really hit Asia yet, people there are starting to gain weight as they are eating more and more rice. What to do? Scientists in Sri Lanka have found a simple fix in the way rice is prepared that can cut calories by up to 50%.

New Blood-Testing Service: Only One Drop For 30 Lab Tests

Read on to learn more about Theranos, an innovative business model that offers a radical blood-testing service requiring just a pin-prick and a drop of blood to run hundreds of tests, which range from standard cholesterol checks to sophisiticated genetic analyses!

New Self-Powered Cameras Will Mean Never Having A Dead Battery

Have you ever found yourself faced with a spontaneous moment of beauty only to pull out your camera and find the battery dead? Or maybe you've embarked on a long-distance back-packing trip which is endlessly scenic, but provides limited access to power outlets for recharging. Scientists have now got you covered as they unveil a new means of producing self-powered cameras.

Nanoparticles May Help You Win The Battle Against Tooth Decay

Removing plaque from the surface of teeth is a task typically assigned to topical antibacterial drugs, but this strategy is frequently thwarted by the presence of saliva, which can easily wash them away. Now nanotechnology scientists have developed unique particles which are designed to cling to the surface of plaque and tooth enamel before releasing their payload of pharmaceuticals leading to much more efficient treatment.

New Coating Turns Ordinary Cotton Into Super-Fabric

If you’ve ever pondered what sort of material might be best employed in a superhero’s suit, here’s one possible answer. Scientists in China have developed a new self-healing coating that turns ordinary cotton into a fire retardant, waterproof and self-cleaning super fabric. The technique, which involves a triple-dip coating in a series of polymers, is envisioned to be particularly useful in the fabrication of military uniforms or other textiles faced with similarly challenging environments.

MIT Creates New Traffic Algorithms That May Radically Reduce Traffic Problems

Has sitting in rush hour traffic for hours a day become your mind-numbing reality? Does passing the same pedestrian three times before crossing the intersection seem too much like normal life? If so, take heart. Researchers at MIT have found a new traffic algorithm which will not only save you time and frustration, but will also reduce greenhouse gas emissions.