Science and Space - New Discoveries, Research, Studies And Breakthroughs

Curious about recent discoveries and breakthroughs related to space and science? Interested in the latest research findings in biology, physics, chemistry or the applied sciences or in astronomy and space exploration? Please visit us often to get the most interesting news and updates on the study of science and space.

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Make Your Own Carbon Nanoparticles

Carbon nanoparticles have been shown to be extremely useful in ferrying pharmaceuticals within the body. They are small enough to escape notice of the body’s immune system and reflect light in such a way that they can be easily distinguished from natural tissues. Unfortunately, their production has always involved complicated and expensive equipment and slow purification processes. Now bioengineers have found a way to produce them in just a few hours with only a microwave and simple household products like molasses and honey.

Graphene In The Spotlight Again With World’s Thinnest Lightbulb

For the first time, scientists have demonstrated an “on-chip” white light source using graphene. This atomically thin lightbulb opens the door for ultra-thin, transparent and flexible displays – picture a smartphone that you can wrap around your wrist like a bracelet, t-shirts with integrated computers, or Google Glass-style eyewear that is indistinguishable from regular glasses. Not only that, but this new light source also paves the way to integrated photonic circuits, one of the most exciting ways to dramatically increase computing speeds.

Move Over Electrons, This Computer Runs On Drops Of Water

Imagine a chemistry laboratory the size of a postage stamp. Thousands of beakers, each no bigger than a poppy seed, conducting thousands of reactions under the careful control of an external operator. This may soon be a reality thanks to engineers at Stanford who have developed a novel method of computing by manipulating the flow of water droplets through a circuit. This opens the door to a brand new field in which computers not only process information, but simultaneously manipulate physical matter.

Superhydrophobic Surfaces Make Cleaning A Task Of The Past

Have you ever seen a drop of water strike a lotus leaf? It immediately beads up and runs off, taking any dirt particles with it. This self-cleaning functionality is known as the Lotus Effect and is a coveted property for many man-made materials as well. Recently, scientists have reported a new manufacturing technique that allows glass surfaces to be easily endowed with this function. Solar panels are just one example of a technology that will greatly benefit from this discovery.

Whole-Hearted Revolution in Cardiac Care: The New Leadless Pacemakers

The leadless cardiac pacemaker addresses many of the problems that have long been associated with  pacemakers since the first one was implanted back in 1958. Learn more about this amazing innovation in health and medicine.

Geoengineering Might Be The Last Chance For Coral Reefs

We are all aware of many of the myriad effects of climate change – higher temperatures, rising sea levels, more extreme weather events, but coral bleaching has tended to escape notice despite being one of the most acute problems facing our oceans right now. New research resulting from a worldwide collaboration suggests that we have reached a tipping point and a geoengineering technique called Solar Radiation Management may be the only way to save coral reefs from mass bleaching.

No More IVF Mix-ups: Barcode Your Sperm And Eggs

It may sound like something out of science fiction, but researchers in Barcelona have found a way to attach unique barcodes to sperm and egg cells in order to eliminate in vitro fertilization mix-ups. Though said mix-ups are rare, the consequences can be emotionally devastating for those involved. Scientists have now created microscale polysilicon chips that attach to individual sex cells allowing a foolproof means of identification with no apparent health side-effects.

Tiny DNA Sequencers Yield Big Results In The Fight Against Ebola

The ability to sequence the genome of a virus in the field is invaluable, allowing the source of the infection to be tracked and providing epidemiologists an important weapon in stopping the spread of disease. Until now, however, DNA sequencers have been large, fragile, and extremely slow to deliver results. A UK company, Oxford Nanopore Technologies, has changed all that with the release of the MinION -- a handheld DNA sequencer that can be plugged into a laptop to deliver results as they are available.

5 Mind-Blowing Ways Supermaterial Graphene May Soon Change Your World

It has been over a decade now since the first reported measurements on the new material “graphene”. Consisting of just a single layer of carbon atoms, graphene is one of the strongest, thinnest and most flexible materials and its remarkable electronic, thermal and structural properties led to its immediate hailing as a ‘supermaterial’. Here are five possible applications taking advantage of the various superior properties of graphene that may change our world for the better.

Want To Cut The Calories In Your Rice? It's All About Chemistry

Rice is a popular food the world over, especially in Asia. It tends to be fairly high in starchy calories that can eventually turn into fat if one isn't tearing about wearing it off. While the obesity epidemic has not really hit Asia yet, people there are starting to gain weight as they are eating more and more rice. What to do? Scientists in Sri Lanka have found a simple fix in the way rice is prepared that can cut calories by up to 50%.